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This book pertain to melissopalynology of honey samples collected from different blocks of district Chamba with varied Climatic conditions; Altitudes and Latitudes. Melissopalynological studies of thirty five honey samples from seven blocks of the Chamba area of Himachal Himalaya.The present investigations were also undertaken on the diversity of the bee-flora in district Chamba and find out its relative utility by the honey bees (Apis cerana Fab. and Apis mellifera Linn.). About 153 species were recorded suitable for bee pasturage in the district Chamba. The studies were also made in order to know the current status of several Traditional beekeeping technologies in district Chamba. The Physico-chemical analysis for present investigation of honey were determined by collecting samples from different traditional hives; viz. wall hives, log hives, miscellaneous hives and apiaries located in district Chamba. This book will be definitely help to researcher, scientists, farmers and policy maker who are involved in this field of research.
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Four initial level of colony strength: 4 frame (9,800), 6 frame (14,700), 8 frame (19,600) and 10 frame (24,500) adult honeybees per colony were tested for honey production and other colony attributes. The study revealed the exponential increase in honey yield producing 2.82, 1.59 and 1.18 times more honey from initially 10, 8 and 6 frame colonies than 4 frame colonies. The other colony attributes including comb building, brood rearing, syrup honey storage, bee bread storage and foraging activities were also positively correlated with initial colony strength. Another experiment testing three beekeeping packages namely, continuous brood rearing, initially brood-less and package bee colonies, for mite incidence and honey production indicated the delayed mite incidence in later two packages compared to continuous brood rearing colonies yielding 1.25 and 1.21 times more honey per colony, respectively. Training and social mobilization helped to aware beekeeping farmers to adopt modern beekeeping practices thereby improving annual honey yield and gross farm income from beekeeping enterprise.